Glossary

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Aotearoa

Māori for New Zealand

Atua

Māori Deity

Battery

Fortified emplacement for heavy guns

Bay of Islands Maritime and Historic Park Board

Management authority established under the Maritime Parks Act to manage reserves in the BOI and near areas

bayonet, triangular socket bayonet

Sword-like stabbing blade, which may be fixed to the muzzle of a rifle for use in hand-to-hand fighting

carronade

Short large-calibre cannon, formerly in naval use

Congreve rocket

British military weapon designed by Sir William Congreve in 1804. An iron case, with solid fuel delivered to the enemy fired up to 2km. (Inaccurate and prone to explode prematurely).

Crown

Agencies of the Crown i.e. government departments in general

Declaration of Independence (He Whakaputanga o te Rangatiratanga o Niu Tireni)

Declaration of Independence by Māori in1835

Department of Conservation

Established to combine the green entities in government via the Conservation Act

ditch-and-bank defences

Māori earthen defensive system

fluxgate gradiometer

Machine that can detect underground features by measuring magnetic anomalies  

geophysical technique, geophysical survey

Archaeological survey dependent on technology but non invasive

hapū

Sub tribe of Māori, i.e. political unit greater than whānau, i.e. family but smaller than tribe

hatchet

Small axe with a short handle for use in one hand

howitzer

Short gun for firing shells on high trajectories at low velocities

hui

Gathering

intermediary

Person who acts as a link between people in order to try and bring about an agreement; a mediator

Iwi

A tribe of Māori e.g. a larger grouping of hapū, whānau political units

kainga

Māori village or settlement

kaumatua

Māori elder usually male

kauri

Large native pine found primarily in northland

kāwanatanga

Governance by a governor

kīngitanga

Māori king movement

Kororāreka

Small Bay of Islands township also known today as Russell

kuia

Female elder of standing

kūmara

Sweet potato

magnanimous

Generous or forgiving, especially towards a rival or less powerful person

mana

The significance of personal prestige or standing

mānuka

A small flowering shrub of the myrtle family

Māori

Polynesian peoples of New Zealand

mere

Short club made of greenstone

mortar, Coehorn mortar

Short smooth-bore gun for firing shells (technically called bombs) at high angles

musket, flint-lock musket, percussion musket, percussion-cap musket, muzzle-loading smooth-bore musket

Infantryman’s light gun with a long barrel, typically smooth-bored and fired from the shoulder

muzzle loader

Gun that is loaded through its muzzle

nascent

(especially of a process or organisation) just coming into existence and beginning to display signs of future potential

Ngāti Hau

Iwi

Ngāpuhi

Iwi

Ngāti Hine

Iwi

Ngāti Manu

Iwi

Ngāti Toa

Iwi

Ngati Whatua

Iwi

Nga-toki-mata-whao-rua

Canoe

noa

Ordinary, unrestricted

Fortified village

Pai Mārire

A Christian based faith initiated by Te Ua Haumēne

Pākehā

New Zealander of European descent

palisade

A fence of wooden stakes or iron railings fixed in the ground, forming an enclosure or defence

papa kāinga

Original home

Papatuanuku

Earth mother

pātītī

Short handled axe

patu

Short club

pihareinga

Teleogryllus commodus, Black field cricket

pūriri

Vitex lucens, native tree species

rangatira

Chief, leader

rangatiratanga

Sovereignty, chieftainship

redcoats

British soldier 

rohe

Region

rua

Hole, pit

sacrosanct

(especially of a principle, place, or routine) regarded as too important or valuable to be interfered with

taiaha

Hardwood long weapon

tangi

Cry

tāonga

Gift, treasure

tāonga tuku iho

Heirloom

tapu

Sacred

taua

War party

taua muru

War party tasked with taking compensation

te tino rangatiratanga

Absolute chieftainship

tikanga

Custom, practice

tohunga

Expert, priest

toki

Adze

torotoro

Scout, advanced guard

tūpara

Double barrelled gun

utu

Revenge

waharoa

Entrance way

waka

Canoe

whānau

Family

whenua

Land